Comorbid diseases of Hidradenitis Suppurativa: a 15?Year Population?Based study in Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA

AbstractBackground

Like other chronic, inflammatory skin disorders, hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is increasingly recognized to be associated with various medical disorders.

Objective

Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP), we sought to conduct the first American population-based study examining the association between HS and various comorbid conditions.

Methods

From the REP database, we identified patients diagnosed with HS from 2003 through 2018 who were residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA, along with age- and gender-matched controls. The frequency of a wide variety of comorbid conditions was compared between the groups.

Results

A total of 1160 patients with HS were identified during the study period. Compared with age- and gender-matched controls, patients with HS had a significantly higher frequency of several medical conditions, including depression, anxiety, hyperlipidemia, acne conglobata, dissecting cellulitis, pilonidal cysts, polycystic ovary syndrome, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, obesity, and disordered substance use, among others.

Limitations

Our study was limited by its retrospective design.

Conclusions

Providers caring for patients with HS should consider these results, along with those of similar studies, and obtain a thorough history, comprehensive physical examination, and, potentially, laboratory testing and referral to other specialists.