Clearance of atypical cutaneous manifestations of hyper?IgE syndrome with dupilumab

Abstract

Hyper-IgE syndromes (HIES) are a heterogeneous group of rare primary immunodeficiency diseases classically characterized by the triad of atopic dermatitis, and recurrent cutaneous and pulmonary infections. Autosomal dominant, loss-of-function STAT3 pathogenic variants are the most common genetic cause, which lead to deficiency of Th17 lymphocytes, impaired interferon gamma production, and IL-10 signal transduction, and an unbalanced IL-4 state. Dupilumab, a monoclonal antibody to the IL-4a receptor, inhibits both IL-4 and IL-13, and has been shown to improve atopic dermatitis and other manifestations of HIES including asthma and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. We present a pediatric patient with HIES who presented predominantly with eosinophilic folliculitis, recurrent cutaneous infections, and other non-eczematous findings and achieved sustained clearance with dupilumab.